Paired with apples in baked desserts or strewn across vinaigrette-topped salads, walnuts are known for their rich flavor and healthy omega-3 content. There are two types of walnuts: the English or Persian (which is most popular and widely used throughout the world) and the American or black walnut.
Notoriously difficult to pry from their shells, the nuts can be enjoyed once a hammer, drill or other tool (some people suggest driving over them with a car!) breaks them free. Black walnuts may also be also eaten raw, with added salt and spices, or chopped and baked into desserts.
Rich in omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants such as folate and vitamin E, black walnut is also available in supplement form. Typically, the hull of the fruit is used–and sometimes mixed with ground bark from the tree–to make liquid tinctures or powdered capsules. Black walnut leaves are also steeped into tea or placed directly on the skin. Benefits may include support for intestinal, digestive and skin health.